- Again, the United Nations has warned of the seriousness of the humanitarian situation in Yemen as a result of the War Coalition against Yemen led by Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates for nearly seven years.
- The World Food Program (WFP) announces a reduction in food rations for more than eight million people, while five million at immediate risk of slipping into famine conditions will remain on a full ration.
- The World Food Program (WFP) has reported a high rate of food shortages affecting half of all families who are dependent on WFP’s food assistance to survive, as currency devaluation and hyperinflation drives the economy to near collapse.
- The United Nations indicates that more than half of Yemen’s population, i.e., 16.2 million people, faces the risk of acute hunger, while half of children under the age of five, i.e., 2.3 million children, are at risk of malnutrition.
- According to the analysis of the United Nations and its humanitarian organizations in October 2021, the rates of acute malnutrition among children under the age of five are the highest ever recorded in parts of Yemen, with more than half a million cases in the southern districts.
- The analysis also points out that children are still being killed and maimed in the war waged by the Saudi-led Coalition against Yemen. The destruction and closure of schools and hospitals has disrupted access to education and health services, increasing the vulnerability of children and depriving them from a good future.
- The analysis indicated also that nearly 2.3 million children under the age of five in Yemen are projected to suffer from acute malnutrition in 2021. Of these, 400,000 are expected to suffer from severe acute malnutrition and could die if they do not receive urgent treatment.
- The new UN figures indicate an increase in the rates of acute and severe acute malnutrition by 16% and 22%, respectively, among children under the age of five from the year 2020. In fact, malnutrition damages a child’s physical and cognitive development, especially during the first two years of a child’s life. It is largely irreversible, perpetuating illness, poverty and inequality.
- Over the past six years, the health sector in Yemen collapsed dramatically due to the military attacks by the Saudi-led War Coalition on more than 525 health facilities, which were greatly affected, as some were destroyed and others severely damaged. In addition, the land, sea and air blockade-imposed restrictions on imports of medicines and health supplies, especially medicines needed by dozens of patients with chronic diseases. During the seventh year of the war on Yemen, the Saudi-led War Coalition continued to target a number of health facilities and centers, with preliminary statistics indicating the destruction of more than 12 facilities and health centers.
- The human suffering in Yemen has been intensified further during the seventh year of the war on Yemen, especially as the United Nations and the World Health Organization (WHO) decided to reduce the health aid and suspend disbursing financial incentives to dozens of doctors. Moreover, the World Health Organization has stopped supporting the health centers that it had been supporting for the past six years.
- In 2021, a number of health facilities stopped performing their humanitarian tasks in providing health care services to citizens, especially in the countryside and villages, for many reasons, including the lack of oil derivatives upon which the operation of these facilities depends. During this year, the Saudi-led War Coalition seized and restricted dozens of ships loaded with oil derivatives, which has negatively affected the operation of these facilities and health centers.
- The Ministry of Public Health & Population in Sana’a has warned several times the international community, led by the UN and its international organizations working in the health field, about the acute shortage of medicines needed to save the lives of millions of children and women, especially those with cancerous tumors, heart diseases, malnutrition and other diseases that require permanent medicines and treatments such as dialysis solutions and cardiac catheterization.
- The United Nations and the World Health Organization (WHO) failed to implement the agreement related to establishing a medical air bridge to transport patients from Yemen to abroad for life-saving treatment, which is a haven for thousands of patients to save their lives. This demonstrates the lack of seriousness in the part of the United Nations and its organizations in saving the lives of the Yemeni people.
Drinking and Irrigation Water
- Dozens of people were infected with skin diseases and a number of epidemics, such as cholera, dengue fever, thalassemia and other diseases which appeared especially in areas that were subjected to more air raids targeting water facilities, particularly drinking water tanks.
- Millions of Yemenis are still suffering from a lack of access to clean drinking water, as they find it difficult to get that water due to the interruption of oil derivatives that help citizens extract water from the ground. This was mainly due to the fact that the Saudi-led War Coalition kept on detaining and restricting the entry of dozens of ships loaded with these materials.
- The situation of basic, higher, technical and vocational education in Yemen continues to deteriorate significantly, due to the deliberate targeting of schools, institutes and universities by the countries of the War Coalition on Yemen led by the US, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates during this seventh year of the war, where more than 71 educational facilities were damaged, some of which were completely destroyed and others were severely damaged. This has negatively affected the students, as many of them lost their education and their scientific and technical abilities got deteriorated.
- The Saudi-led War Coalition states and their mercenaries have made IDP’s camps a direct target for their military attacks. They targeted IDP’s camps in a number of areas, resulting in the death and injury of a number of displaced persons, mostly women and children.
- UNHCR says it “monitored the displacement of 1,200 families as a result of the war in Yemen during the first two weeks of this year 2022.”
- The number of IDP’s between March 2021 and March 2022 is estimated at more than (1,662,026) one million, six hundred and sixty-two thousand, and twenty-six displaced persons, i.e. (209,383) three hundred and eighty-three families displaced by the military escalation of Saudi-led War Coalition states this year, which targeted many villages and cities, especially in Hodeidah, Al-Jawf, Marib, Hajjah and Sa’adah.
Agriculture and Livestock
- During the seventh year of the war on Yemen, the Saudi-led War Coalition states continued to deliberately target many agricultural areas and livestock farms. During this year, the coalition countries targeted more than 1,915 agricultural fields and more than 18 poultry and livestock farms. Besides, the total blockade accompanying military operations in targeting agricultural facilities and livestock farms has led to a very high rise in the agricultural products prices, especially since a number of these facilities have been suspended due to the wide-spread of hundreds of remnants of cluster bombs or the lack of irrigation water for agriculture, which has been hampered by the denial of access to oil derivatives. Moreover, a number of livestock-breeding families have ceased production for fear of being targeted by the warplanes of the Saudi-led War Coalition.
Prisons (Correctional Facilities)
- Over the last six years, the infrastructure of correctional facilities (prisons) has been directly bombed by the warplanes of the Saudi-led War Coalition, causing destruction and damages in varying proportions. Besides, ISIS, Al-Qaeda and other groups carried out terrorist attacks on the correctional facilities (in Aden, Mukalla, Lahj, Taiz, Rada’a, Amran, and Al-Mahwit), and took control of them, looting and burning down all the machines, equipment and supplies used for care, reform and rehabilitation in all these prisons.
- In January 2022, the Saudi-led War Coalition states deliberately targeted the building of the reserve prison in Sa’adah governorate and completely destroyed it over the heads of its inmates, killing 93 prisoners and wounding more than 270 others with severe injuries.
Ill-treatment of Yemeni Prisoners in Saudi Prisons and their Agents in Yemen
- The Saudi-led War Coalition states and their mercenaries continue to commit serious crimes against the imprisoned members of the Army and Popular Committees (prisoners) using systematic and immoral methods of torture and killing. On 12th March 2022, the Saudi regime killed two prisoners in a flagrant violation of the rules and provisions of the International Law, particularly the Third Geneva Convention. The two killed prisoners are Hakem Matari Yahya Al-Botaini and Haidar Ali Haidar Al-Shawthani.
- The prisoners issue remains stalled due to the full control of the War Coalition, especially Saudi Arabia, on this file, while their Yemeni mercenaries have no decision in this matter. Despite the initiatives and concessions made by the National Salvation Government through the National Committee for Prisoners’ Affairs to complete this file and release all prisoners, the United Nations, which is supervising this file, has not made any progress to resolve this issue.
- During the seventh year of the aggression, 400 prisoners of the Army and Popular Committees were released in 60 local prisoners’ exchange deals, compared to 80 operations that were aborted under the Saudi directives, despite consensus between those concerned parties and were made a failure by Saudi Arabia intervention.
Expatriates in Saudi Arabia and the UAE
- The Saudi regime canceled service contracts for Yemeni expatriates residing in the southern regions without any legal justification. It also confiscated the property and shops of a number of expatriates, detaining thousands of them in deportation prisons, torturing them with various methods of torture and forcibly deporting them under flimsy and malicious pretexts with the intention of harming them and confiscating their property.
- The Saudi regime killed five expatriates on charges of collaborating with the Government of Sana’a, and confiscated their property.
- In 2021, Saudi authorities launched a deportation campaign for 2,000 Yemeni residents in Saudi Arabia daily under the pretext of violating residency laws. The number of deported expatriates reached more than 600,000 expatriates, according to Human Rights Watch.
- In September 2021, Saudi authorities arrested the Yemeni expatriate, Abdul Samad Al-Mohammadi, who has been living in Saudi Arabia for 20 years, tortured him to death, and confiscated his commercial property. They raided his home, terrorized his family and children, and confiscated the family’s property including jewelry and some other valuables.
- The UAE regime arrested a number of Yemeni expatriates and investors and detained them in private security prisons. They fabricated malicious charges against them that they are supporting the Government of Sana’a. One of the most notable detainees in the prisons of the UAE regime is the expatriate, Abdul Fattah Al-Quhali, who owns a marble factory there. His properties have been confiscated by the UAE regime and he is still in detention until the moment.
FSO Safer Tanker
- Over the past six years, the Supreme Political Council and the National Salvation Government warned the United Nations not to continue putting conditions outside the agreement for the maintenance of the floating oil tanker, Safer. This reflects a desire not to implement the agreement, and confirms the UN indifference to environmental pollution in the event of a leakage in FSO Safer Tanker.
- During the seventh year of the war on Yemen, the Supreme Political Council and the Government of National Salvation called on the United Nations and its organizations to expedite the maintenance of the FSO Safer Tanker, warning that “keeping the Safer tanker without maintenance would be a time bomb, and its destruction would lead to an end to marine life and environment.” They confirmed that it is only the countries of the War Coalition led by the US, Saudi Arabia and the UAE and their mercenaries who have been obstructing the discharge of FSO Safer Tanker on the Red Sea.
- On 3rd March 2022, the Dutch ambassador to Yemen, Peter-Derrek Hof, revealed in his visit to Yemen that he “visited Sana’a and Hodeidah in order to help push for an urgent solution of the imminent threat posed by FSO Safer Tanker to prevent a massive oil spill endangering Yemeni livelihoods, humanitarian assistance and Red Sea ecosystem.” During this visit, the Supreme Political Council handed over “a vision to the United Nations, on the file of FSO Safer Tanker.” It was studied and fully prepared by the Council and the National Salvation Government and sent to the United Nations.
- On 5th March 2022, a memorandum of understanding was signed with the United Nations regarding the mechanism for the maintenance of FSO Safer tanker. The Supreme Political Council confirmed that this agreement is made to avoid any disaster on the coasts and waters of the Red Sea.