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The National Team For Foreign Outreach - Yemen

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HUMANITARIAN SITUATION – November 2021

 

  1. Yemen has been subjected to a war and a comprehensive land, sea and air siege, which negatively affected children in particular, who were the first victims since the very first moment of this war. We want to remind the international community of their responsibilities towards these helpless children who die every day in big numbers. This is a systematic targeting of childhood through direct war, on the one hand, and indirectly through siege, on the other.
  2. We are approaching the eighth year of war and siege on Yemen, and the humanitarian organizations, primarily the United Nations, have not been committed to their duties towards protecting Yemeni people, especially children, who are living in very harsh conditions. There are millions of children suffering physically and psychologically under the siege and war.
  3. According to the statistics of the Ministry of Public Health and Population, more than 300 children under the age of five die every day as a result of the war and siege and their subsequent disastrous impacts.
  4. During more than seven years of war – waged by the Coalition led by the US, Britain, Saudi Arabia and the UAE – Yemen has recorded the highest rates of malnutrition among children and women in the world.
  5. Children and women in Yemen are struggling for survival, according to the testimony of the United Nations, but the UN has done nothing to keep them alive. It does not even show just a condemnation of the crimes of the Saudi-led Coalition against them, fearing that the funding of the countries participating in the War Coalition against Yemen would be interrupted.
  6. UNICEF Representative in Yemen, Meritxell Relaño, confirms that what worries the organization is “the severe acute malnutrition (SAM); it kills children.” This is due to the crumbling health system, war and economic crisis. The Saudi-led Coalition of War on Yemen has set Yemen back 10 years and wasted a decade on health gains.
  7. “Malnutrition in Yemen has never been as catastrophic as it is today; and there is a drastic increase in the proportion of malnourished children, with an increasing shortage of medicines, while pregnant mothers do not receive proper nutrition.”
  8. More than 2 to 2.3 million Yemeni children under the age of five suffer from Acute Malnutrition, as they do not have access to an adequate amount of food. Besides, 358 – 360 thousand of them suffer from Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM). This number is expected to rise, with an increase of 16% over the year 2020. They are struggling to survive, according to UNDP, WFP and the Ministry of Planning in Sana’a, (April 2019 and February 10th, 2021).
  9. 80% of the population, with approximately 21 – 24 million Yemenis, including 12.4 million children, need emergency humanitarian assistance, according to Forbes Magazine (April 2021).
  10. Hodeidah Governorate had the highest rates of malnutrition and underweight among children under the age of five, who were tested during August 2020, according to the World Health Organization (WHO), on November 3rd, 2020. WHO stated that it has monitored about 7 million and 400,000 people suffering from malnutrition in various parts of Yemen, including two million children under the age of five. Besides, 23,471 children under the age of five were tested in Yemen for all forms of malnutrition during the above-mentioned period.
  11. The current year 2021 recorded an increase in the rates of acute and severe acute malnutrition by 16% and 22%, respectively, among children under the age of five compared to the year 2020, according to the Executive Director of the World Food Program, David Beasley, on March 10, 2021. These figures are among the highest rates of Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM) recorded in Yemen since 2015, according to the FAO, UNICEF and WFP.
  12. Malnutrition is a significant cause of disability. It leads to muscle atrophy among children who do not receive sufficient food, and thus causes them to have a complete mental and physical disability. Mr. Othman Al-Selwi, the Chairman of the National Union of Yemeni Disabled Associations in Sana’a, confirms that there are 400,000 Yemeni children who are at risk of disability due to malnutrition diseases, if urgent action is not taken to save them.

Sana’a International Airport

  1. The closure of Sana’a International Airport reveals the persistence of the Saudi-led Coalition on inflecting collective punishment on the Yemeni people for the last sixth year successively. The International Civil Aviation Day falls on December 7th, while the Coalition of War on Yemen are imposing an unjust ban on Sana’a International Airport and other Yemeni airports without any legal reasons other than inflecting collective punishment on the Yemeni people.
  2. The closure of Sana’a International Airport represents the first arbitrary measure to tighten the screw on the Yemeni people. The former US ambassador to Yemen, Matthew Taylor, had threatened members of the national delegation at the conclusion of Kuwait negotiations. This was in the context of the economic pressures that the US administration and its tools have been exerting on Sana’a to force it to accept any reality imposed by the War Coalition.
  3. Treatment abroad is one of the most important purposes behind Yemenis’ need to travel by air. Therefore, Sana’a International Airport is the vital artery for the residents of most of the country’s northern, western and central governorates. Its closure has impeded and prevented the travel of more than one million citizens suffering from high-risk diseases, and in need of life-saving treatment abroad, including deaths, which the Ministry of Health in the National Salvation Government estimated at about 43,000 people. They are still in critical conditions and need international medical assistance, but the Coalition of Aggression has prevented them from leaving or returning to Yemen, thus unjustifiably adding great suffering for millions of residents of those governorates.

 

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