Health and Drinking Water:
- Yemen is still experiencing the worst humanitarian crisis around the world, with more than 80% of the population in need of some form of assistance. 20 million people face food insecurity, and 14 million need urgent humanitarian interventions.
- Many health and medicinal materials are still not available in many health centers and hospitals, especially in relation to solutions for dialysis and chronic diseases. In addition, some hospitals stopped working because they could not provide the most basic medicines and medical supplies, especially as Hodeidah port has become unable to receive ships and vessels loaded with medical and food items due to the arbitrary restrictions imposed by the coalition countries.
- Five years have passed since the beginning of war and siege of the coalition countries on Yemen. This has resulted in the collapse of the healthcare system in light of the slowdown in the health response of international organizations. The situation can be summed up as follows:
- The war Coalition countries have ruined the infrastructure of the health sector in Yemen, which led to the spread of diseases and epidemics and denied millions of citizens the basic health care needs. Not only did they bomb and destroy, but they also imposed a blockade on the entry of medical supplies and life-saving medications, especially those needed for people with chronic diseases. Still more, they prevented patients from traveling to receive treatment abroad.
- The indicators of the collapse of the health system in Yemen were the direct destruction of health facilities by the war coalition countries. The number of facilities destroyed completely and damaged partially has topped 600 facilities, and the health sector’s losses are estimated at more than ten billion dollars.
- The useful life span of 93% of medical devices and equipment has expired. They cannot be repaired and may stop working at any moment. This is mainly due to the blockade which does not allow the importation of new devices.
- More than 48 thousand employees in the sector at the central and local levels do not receive their salaries. Besides, many doctors and employees have quitted their jobs due to displacement, poor economic conditions, as well as the suspension of health facilities.
- There are eight thousand patients with renal failure and thousands of patients with cancer, diabetes, heart and other diseases. In addition, 40,000 cancer patients are at risk of death due to the unavailability of the radiation device for oncological treatment. Moreover, 50% of oncology patients die because of the lack of medicines due to the blockade.
- There is no cardiac catheterization device in Yemen, especially after the failure of the only device at Al-Thawra General Hospital. There is general absence of any cardiac stents for more than 30 thousand patients and a lack of valves for more than 30 thousand patients.
- Moreover, the countries of war coalition against Yemen destroyed environment-related projects, such as water and sanitation, which led to the spread of malnutrition and the emergence of epidemics including cholera and diphtheria, and recently dengue fever and malaria. On the other hand, the support provided by international organizations to the health sector has declined.
- The number of cholera cases reached 2,200,000 people, about 3,750 of them have died. Children represent 32 % of the cases. At the same time, there are 34,520 cases of measles, 273 of them have died; 65% of the cases were children.
- The number of patients infected with diphtheria is 4,500 patients, 253 of them have died. Children under five years old represent 16% of the cases. Out of 5.4 million children under the age of five, 2.9 million are undernourished – that’s, 55 %, of whom 400,000 are severely malnourished.
- 86% of children under five suffer from anemia, and 46% of children suffer from stunting. In addition, there are 80,000 children suffering from mental disorders due to the sounds of warplanes of the war coalition countries on Yemen and the missile explosions that fall on civilian objects and residential neighborhoods.
- Six newborn babies die every two hours due to the deterioration of health care services, while 65 children under the age of five, out of a thousand children, die due to various diseases that have spread in Yemen.
- 320 thousand patients were unable to receive treatment abroad due to the closure of Sana’a International Airport; about 42,000 of them have died; and 30% of them were children.
- The siege and arbitrary restrictions have caused the absence of 120 types of the chronic diseases medications, especially cancer. Besides, the war coalition countries targeted a pharmaceutical factory and destroyed two oxygen factories. On the other hand, the import rate of medicines decreased. The transport of more than 362 classes of drugs has been stalled, and some medical materials necessary for the pharmaceutical industry have been banned, their entry has been blocked, and the arrival of shipments of medicines and medical supplies that have been granted import approval documents has been blocked. Furthermore, the arbitrary procedures imposed on the entry of ships and vessels loaded with medicines have led to their damage.
- Hundreds of drug importers stopped activity, while prices of medicines were disturbed by the exchange rate. Besides, more than 50 percent of pharmacists lost their jobs, and the investment activity, especially in the pharmaceutical industry, has stopped.
- The coalition countries continue to target the centers of drinking water wells and reservoirs. Human rights reports confirm that the coalition countries targeted wells and drinking water tanks, especially in Hodeidah and Sa’adah, which led to the inability of citizens to access potable water.
- Basic education, higher education, technical and vocational education has deteriorated considerably in Yemen, resulting in the Yemeni people loss of their education and development of their scientific and technical capacities and capabilities. This decline is due to several reasons, of which the countries of the war coalition on Yemen had the primary role. This situation can be summed up as follows:
- There are (38) public and private universities, some of which have been completely destroyed, while others have been partially damaged.
- There are 95 community colleges and vocational training institutes that have been destroyed and demolished. Besides, a number of community colleges and institutes have been closed and stopped performing their work in training and qualifying the Yemeni people.
- More than 3,526 educational facilities were destroyed, demolished and damaged in all governorates of the Republic, of which 666 were closed.
- Impacts and Implications of Targeting Educational Facilities in Yemen:
- Fear, terror and panic spread among more than 2.9 million male and female students, causing them to drop out of school.
- The losses and material damage caused to the education sector as a result of the war coalition countries targeting schools and educational facilities in Yemen have topped 61 billion and 18 million Yemeni riyals.
- (4,435,409) Four million four hundred and thirty five thousand and four hundred and nine students have stopped attending schools.
- The salaries of 194,417 teachers have been cut since September 2016 due to the transfer of the Central Bank from the Capital Secretariat to Aden Governorate by the Saudi-led coalition countries of war against Yemen and their mercenaries. Among those male and female teachers, the total workforce in the affected educational facilities is 89,840 teachers, i.e. 29.6% of the total workforce in education.
- Printing of school textbooks has been hindered since 2015, causing a significant shortage of textbooks and school materials. Furthermore, there is a lack of financial resources for the textbook printing process, while support from donor countries has ceased.
- Teachers’ strikes, due to the interruption of their salaries, have led to the suspension of teaching process.
- The psychological state of many students deteriorated due to malnutrition.
- There are displacement and forced dislodgement of millions of families as a result of military operations run by the war coalition countries on various governorates of the Republic of Yemen.
- Tens of thousands of school boys and girls have been deprived of their rights to education as a result of the inability of their families to provide their basic needs of breakfast and school requirements.
- Thousands of college and university students have stopped studying as they lack the basic financial support for study.
- Hundreds of students are unable to pursue their education abroad due to their inability to travel through Sana’a International Airport.
- The countries of War Coalition on Yemen have been targeting students in schools or on means of transportation, as what happened to the Dhahyan students bus, students of the Juma bin Fadel School, and Al-Falah School in Arhab district.
Displacement and Dislodgment of a Number of Yemeni and non-Yemeni Families:
- The continuation of military operations run by the countries of coalition on Yemen in many areas of the Republic of Yemen, especially in the governorates of Sa’adah, Hodeidah, Hajjah and Aden, has led a number of families to flee their homes and emigrate in search of safe areas. International reports assert that the number of IDPs exceeds (3,912,678) people, and that more than (881,280) families are affected due to hosting a number of IDPs. All of them need humanitarian assistance, especially food and medicine.
- Asylum-seekers from Ethiopia and Somalia constitute the majority of the asylum-seekers and illegal immigrants in Yemen with a total number of 276,000 refugees. They live in a difficult and tragic situation, as some of them were killed by the warplanes of the coalition countries on Yemen in their homes and some on boats that were used to transport them to a second home by the UNHCR. Besides, the continuation of war on Yemen by the war coalition countries led by Saudi Arabia and the UAE and their American, British, French and other allies, has obstructed any attempts to impede the flow of immigrants from the Horn of Africa into Yemen.
- Official studies on some agricultural crops, especially in Hodeidah, Dhamar, Ibb, Amran and Sa’adah, indicate that the land under cultivation of vegetables decreased by more than 60% and that the income of farmers decreased by 60.50%. All this is due to the consequences of the coalition countries’ military operations which targeted many farms and agricultural crops. Even the commercial markets for agricultural crops, such as vegetables, fruits, etc., were not spared from these operations and military attacks loaded with chemicals. Moreover, cluster bomb remnants appeared in many agricultural fields, and affected the families of farmers. These operations also affected the production and marketing of various agricultural crops.
(Food Security Technical Secretariat, Ministry of Planning and International Cooperation www.fsts-gov.com)
Violations of War Coalition Countries & their Mercenaries Inside Prisons:
- The mercenaries of the war coalition on Yemen kidnapped citizens during their return or travel – whether merchants, students, pilgrims or patients – from the security points they control and put them in prison without any charges or justifications. There is not even a legal justification for detaining them and keeping them in prison for more than the legal period, which is a flagrant violation of the rules and provisions of international human rights and humanitarian law.
- Humanitarian reports confirm that those arrested, detained, or kidnapped from the checkpoints by mercenaries of war coalition countries during their return or travel are treated so merely because of belonging to particular families or for their names and titles, and there is not any real charges or crimes against them.
- The countries of war coalition on Yemen and their mercenaries have practiced the most horrific forms of physical and psychological torture against those who were kidnapped. In many cases, they exploit the kidnapped and commercialize them by bargaining their families and forcing them to pay large amounts of ransoms to release the kidnapped. In some other cases, the mercenaries sell some of the kidnapped to the countries of war coalition, especially Saudi Arabia, which intentionally put them in prisons in order to exchange them with the Army and Popular Committees to release their own Saudi prisoners.
- The mercenaries of the countries of the war coalition in Yemen kidnapped the Yemeni woman, Samira Marsh, and sent her to Saudi Arabia. This constitutes a major disadvantage for the Yemeni tribes, as it is a shameful act that violated the rules of Islamic law, and deviates from the conventions, traditions and customs of the Yemeni tribe.
- The United Arab Emirates has established secret prisons in the southern areas it occupies. Large numbers of Yemenis were placed in these prisons, and the worst forms of physical and psychological torture were practiced against them. Some of them were sexually abused by Emirates leaders. This is confirmed by reports of international organizations.
Use of Internationally Prohibited Weapons by Countries of War Coalition on Yemen:
- Giving no attention to the principles and provisions of international covenants, the coalition countries – since the very outset of their attack on the Yemeni cities – have used many internationally prohibited weapons. Official reports as well as reports of a number of international organizations have indicated the coalition’s use of various types of prohibited weapons and ammunition in different regions of the Republic of Yemen. These weapons include American, British, Brazilian bombs and other ammunitions such as (cluster, fission, vacuum, sound, neutron, phosphorous, and uranium bombs). Cancer Center reports show that coalition countries use bombs that emit radiation with future effects on citizens residing near and far from these areas.
- Reports by a number of international organizations confirmed that the coalition countries used different types of internationally prohibited weapons in many areas of the Republic of Yemen, especially in residential and agricultural areas, including the BLU-97 secondary ammunition, the CBU-97 carrier bomb, and another more sophisticated type called CBU-105, a weapon with a sensor-powered detonator. Cluster bombs can spread dozens of munitions and bombs over a wide area like a football field. Many of these sub-munitions or bombs may not explode the moment they hit the ground, making them a threat to kill anyone who touches them or stumbles upon them in the future.
- Military analysts, Gordon Duff and Jeff Smith, confirmed that the massive explosion that occurred in Attan and Noqum areas in 2015 was the result of two neutron bombs in two operations carried out by two warplanes belonging to the Zionist entity (F16s) in coordination with Saudi Arabia.
- NGOs confirmed that the coalition countries used British-made PGM-500 ‘Hakim’ air-launched cruise missiles. They revealed in their analysis that this type of missile was traced in a large number of populated areas and the remnants of the weapon found in the sites were consistent with the specifications of the air-launched “Hakim” BGM-500 missile.
- International and local NGOs reports indicate that the strikes carried out premeditatedly by coalition countries are notable for having caused several civilian fatalities and damage to civilian establishments in Yemen. These reports confirm that this is contrary to the principle of proportionality and that all such strikes are indiscriminate, constituting war crimes and crimes against humanity in accordance with international humanitarian law and violating the provisions and rules of international human rights law.
- Reports of international and local NGOs organizations indicate that the bombs and ammunition used by the countries of war coalition against Yemen have dangerous consequences for the lives of civilians in the future, even if the military operations run by the coalition countries come to an end.
- International human rights organizations call for urgent need to end American, British and French weapons sale and transfer to the coalition countries, as they are used in committing violations and crimes against the Yemeni people.
- International human rights and humanitarian organizations urge the UN Security Council to form an independent commission to investigate the grave violations of international humanitarian law committed by the countries of war coalition against Yemen led by Saudi Arabia and the UAE, with the participation and logistical support of the United States, Britain and France.
Ill-treatment of Yemeni Prisoners in Saudi Jails & Its Agents in Yemen:
- The war on Yemen by the coalition countries has caused clearly evident violations of all international covenants and agreements. They did not only commit crimes, violations and massacres against Yemeni citizens and essentials of human life, but also extended their crimes to reach the category of prisoners held in prisons and detention camps of the mercenaries of the war coalition countries and in prisons and detention camps of Saudi Arabia. The war prisoners should be protected in accordance with the international standards set for prisoners as stipulated in the Third Geneva Convention Relative to the Protection of Prisoners of War.
- The coalition countries did not observe these international principles and standards towards Yemeni prisoners held in their prisons and military bases, nor did they observe any human rights or aspects towards these prisoners. Rather, the prisoners were treated inhumanly, humiliated before their families, maltreated on the way to prison and inside the detention camps, and even at the time of releasing some of them. This is what the Ministry of Human Rights has monitored, based on the testimonies of a number of released prisoners who submitted complaints about the suffering they have experienced, whether in places where they and their families were detained for the first time by mercenaries in Mareb Governorate, as they were taken to Khamis Mushayt area, or when they were at the detention center in King Khalid Air Base.
- The torture and ill-treatment of prisoners took different methods and forms, including beating on the back, head, feet and over the body with hands, truncheons and electric wires. This also included restricting their movements with iron chains weighing more than a kilogram, hanging their bodies on the air, preventing and depriving them of sleep and rest, using electric shocks, threatening to harm their families by targeting them by airstrikes, terrifying them by representing fake executions, creating noise and spreading unpleasant odors, putting them in solitary confinement in narrow dungeons, directing insulting words to them, threatening to slaughter them, beating them while interrogating and tying their eyes. Some prisoners were also exposed to burning with gasoline, putting a powder or substance in their food or drink causing them pain, stomach cramps and diarrhea, and forcing them to take unknown medications and injections, insufficient and improper nutrition, crowding them in detainees’ wards where each ward contains thirty detainees, setting limited times for toilets where the prisoner is not allowed to enter in times of need, preventing them from reading the Holy Quran in groups.
- Besides, reports indicate that there are other prisoners who are still in Saudi prisons and detention centers, including expatriate workers residing in Saudi Arabia, where three of them were burned with gasoline. There are also expatriate workers detained at King Khalid Air Force Base.
- The crimes and violations of the countries of war coalition on Yemen against the prisoners did not stop in the secret prisons under their control, whether in the occupied areas or in Saudi lands. Their crimes, however, were extended to the other Yemeni provinces in Sana’a and Dhamar; as their warplanes deliberately bombed the prisons containing their own prisoners, killing and wounding dozens of them, although they know in advance that the targeted prisons contained their prisoners.
Crimes and Violations of War Coalition Countries Against Yemeni Children:
- More than two million school-age children are still out of school.
- Seven million Yemeni children sleep hungry every day without eating anything, resulting in severe malnutrition.
- The war coalition countries have prevented the arrival of basic supplies of food and medicine through their total blockade and the imposed arbitrary restrictions on seaports and land-ports on which Yemen relies to import 70% of its needs.
- 2.2 million children in Yemen suffer from malnutrition, of which 462.000 children are suffering from severe and acute malnutrition, which reaches three times the pre-aggression situation. With the absence of a healthcare system, the lives of millions of children, pregnant and lactating women are at great risk. In addition, there are approximately 1,800,000 children suffering from stunting, and these children are subject to permanent disabilities accompanying them throughout their life and negatively affect their intellectual and productive capabilities in the future.
- The Ministry of Health revealed that 125,520 Yemeni children die every year as a result of under-nutrition directly or indirectly. This shows that approximately 14 children die every hour, and 32% of them are born underweight during childbirth.
- The military operations of the countries of war coalition against Yemen have caused ten million children to suffer from profound psychological problems, as they negatively affected their ways of thinking, feelings, behavior and relationship with those around them. It was noted that more than 37% of children suffer from anxiety and 36% suffer from insecurity, as well as 32% suffer from sleep disturbance problems due to fear of warplanes sounds. It was also clear that a number of children suffer from physical symptoms associated with the psychological state, such as headache, chest pain and abdominal pain. In other words, 21% of children suffer from more than one unexplained physical symptom associated with the psychological state.
- Foster care centers for juveniles and orphans were affected by all practices and actions used by the aggression coalition countries, whether directly or indirectly. They have caused the closure of five juvenile homes and three orphanages. Moreover, these practices have led to deterioration of services in many homes due to the scarcity of financial resources, which have been exacerbated by the transfer of the Central Bank administration from the Capital Secretariat, Sana’a, to Aden Governorate.
Crimes and Violations of Countries of War Coalition on Yemen against Yemeni Women:
- Yemeni women in the areas under the control of the Saudi-Emirates occupation have been subjected to killing, rape and kidnapping.
- Yemeni women were denied the right to education, health, and food security. As a result of war, blockade, displacement, and dislodgment, they suffered from the spread of diseases, epidemics, and psychological problems.
- Women are subjected to abortion due to the fear and panic caused by the attacks of the countries of war coalition on Yemen.
Violations of War Coalition Countries on Monuments in Yemen:
- The countries of war coalition against Yemen led by Saudi Arabia and Emirates have targeted archaeological buildings and monuments, (including modern religious and cultural ones, as well as historical ones) in most of the governorates of the Republic of Yemen, which have historical, cultural and artistic value for the Yemeni people. Consequently, more than 1,934 religious, cultural and tourist facilities were destroyed.
Violations of War Coalition Countries Against Duraihimi District in Hodeidah:
- Duraihimi district of Hodeidah governorate has been suffering from a suffocating siege since August 2018 by the countries of war coalition against Yemen led by Saudi Arabia and the UAE and their mercenaries, who persistently prevent the entry of humanitarian aid to the people of Durayhimi.
- The sweeping siege on the people of Duraihmi District caused their demises one after another in different ways. Every member of Duraihmi inhabitants is exposed to death by serious diseases due to the lack of life-saving medicines or the obstruction of medicine delivery to the area, while some are starved to death due to malnutrition or prevention of food entry to them. Still more, there are some individuals who die as a result of mortars and machine guns that are indiscriminately bombed by the mercenaries of the coalition countries.