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The National Team For Foreign Outreach - Yemen

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HUMANITARIAN SITUATION — December 2021

  1. The war and blockade continue on Yemen through bombing drinking water wells, sanitation and farms, and preventing the entry of oil derivatives and medicines. This has exacerbated the health and living conditions of citizens, resulting in the outbreak of many serious diseases and epidemics, and the spread of malnutrition to millions of women and children in many areas. The situation has reached the fifth stage of the interim classification (the stage of starvation).
  • Health reports indicators confirm that two million and 500,000 children suffer from severe malnutrition; 400,000 of whom are at risk of death.
  • According to the Director of World Food Program (WFP), the United Nations and international organizations have indicated that 21 million people in Yemen are in need of humanitarian assistance. Meanwhile, the population of 247 districts out of 333, are food insecure, according to the phase classification.
  • The direct and indirect bombardment of health facilities has exacerbated the epidemiological situation in Yemen, most notably causing displacement, the spread of various diseases and epidemics, shortage of water and the recycling of sanitation infrastructure.
  • There is a lack of oil derivatives in health facilities, and the diagnostic devices, vital medicines, laboratory reagents and antiserums are not permitted to enter the country. In addition, spare parts for sewage treatment plants and other essential needs for medical and health services are prevented from entering, and this aggravates the health and environmental situation in Yemen.

FSO Safer Tanker

2.The Saudi-led Coalition of war on Yemen deliberately brought the FSO Safer tanker into its current   deteriorating condition with a view to turning it into leverage in the war.

  • The Saudi-led Coalition has prevented the operation of the tanker and intercepted the diesel tanker that the National Salvation Government had imported for the purpose of operation twenty miles from the FSO Safer tanker.
  • The Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Sana’a Government sent a letter to the United Nations at a very early date warning of the consequences of the Saudi-led Coalition’s incessant detention of the quantities of diesel allocated to FSO Safer tanker.
  • FSO Safer tanker has ceased operation since March 2015, after Safer Company in Marib had withdrawn – at the behest of the Coalition – the tanker’s crew of 700 workers, leaving only 7 people.
  • Last April, Safer Company in Marib prevented supplying FSO Safer tanker with diesel for generators used by its crew. Later, at the behest of the Coalition of Aggression, it prevented the chief engineer’s access to the tanker.
  • The Saud-led Coalition of war on Yemen demanded that the international team should be allowed to access the tanker. However, after the agreement was signed, the former British ambassador stated that, “It is too late for maintenance.”
  • The United Nations drafted the details of the tanker’s initial maintenance and assessment agreement and fell behind in implementing it, submitting an inconsistent plan that excluded 90% of the agreed upon maintenance items. Sana’a Government (NSG) submitted visas to the 30 names of the team, but the team did not come. After 6 months, the United Nations requested to postpone the visas because it would change the names of 15 experts.
  • After the United Nations had changed the names of the experts, Sana’a government granted them the required visas. One month passed, and the visas expired. The NSG notified them that the experts’ visas could be renewed. However, the United Nations responded asking for stopping the visas.
  • FSO Safer tanker is a floating storage and offloading unit moored off the western coast of Yemen, 60 km north of Hodeidah port, and is used to store and export oil coming from the oil fields of Marib Governorate.
  • The tanker has not undergone any maintenance since 2015. The crude oil carried on board (1.148 million barrels) and the rising gases pose a serious threat to the region. The United Nations describes the tanker as a “time bomb” that could explode at any moment.
  • Satellite images showed that the oil has begun to spill from FSO Safer tanker at Ras Issa marine terminal in Hodeidah Governorate off the Red Sea coast, west of Yemen.

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